• - The Washington Post reported that there were divisions among US officials over sanctions

    The Washington Post reported that there were divisions among US officials over sanctions
    1 Day, 5 Hours ago

    Tags:  USA  -  China  -  Huawei  -  Honor

    It was in mid-May 2020 that the US Department of Commerce passed new bans against the company, based on policies that Huawei considered a threat to US national security, allowing the sale of chips made from US technology. Used by Huawei was subject to a license from the United States Government. Following these pressures, Huawei finally ceded the unit after six months due to its inability to supply parts and run Honor. It was initially thought that US sanctions would no longer apply to Honor after its separation from Huawei, but apparently US politicians have not yet agreed on the issue.

     The Washington Post reported that there were divisions among US officials over sanctions

    According to a report published on Sunday, September 19, 2021 by the Washington Post, Key US security agencies have not yet reached a consensus on whether to blacklist the Department of Commerce. This shows that the debates during the Trump era about the quality of trade relations with Chinese technology companies continue in the Biden administration.

    Before we go any further, let's take a look at the nature of the US Department of Commerce blacklist. Any company on this list will be barred from doing business with other US companies unless licensed by the US government. Even when a sanctioned company is allowed to work with the US, there will be restrictions. For example, Huawei - which is blacklisted by the US Department of Commerce - currently uses Qualcomm's latest Snapdragon 888 chip in the P50 series handsets, but despite the chip's support for 5G technology, the P50 series phones are limited to 4G.

    During a meeting last week with representatives of the four institutions responsible for making such decisions, members could not agree on whether it should be included in the sanctions list of the Ministry of Commerce. . What is at stake is whether or not it (like Huawei) poses a threat to US national security.

    According to intelligence sources who did not want to be named, Pentagon officials US Energy wants to put it on the sanctions list, but officials at the Department of Commerce and the State Department oppose it. According to informed sources, this issue has been referred to the political officials appointed in these four security institutions for reconsideration. If their talks on the Honor case come to a standstill, cabinet ministers will be tasked with investigating the matter. If there is no result at the cabinet level, Biden will ultimately make the final decision. The Washington Post reported that there were divisions among US officials over sanctions. In 2019, Trump placed Huawei on his Commerce Department sanctions list on the pretext of spying for the Chinese government and threatening US national security. Following this incident, the Canadian government arrested Meng Wanzhou, the daughter of Huawei founder, on a US warrant for wiretapping and bank fraud. Now, the United States is seeking the extradition of Meng Wangzhou, and this has created tensions between the three countries. US officials also see Huawei's ubiquitous entry into the global 5G telecommunications equipment market as a threat to their national security, warning that Chinese government officials could easily use the equipment to spy or communicate. Disrupt; A claim that Huawei and the Chinese government have always denied. </p> <p> As the US Department of Commerce chairs the initial decision-making committee on the blacklist, the Department of Defense, Energy, and State Department also referred questions to the Department of Commerce. Of course, Commerce Department officials declined to comment on the details, saying the Commerce Department and other agencies have always been reviewing a range of factors. These include the risk of Honor being diverted or the possibility that the company could illegally transfer US technology to a sanctioned entity.

    US lawmakers plan to slow China's tech rush by putting pressure on the Biden government to use export controls. Meanwhile, some analysts believe such efforts will not work without widespread support from foreign partners. Not bad to know, the US technology department has also warned that more strict export controls could hurt US industry.

    In August, more than a dozen Republican lawmakers wrote a letter to US Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo, arguing that her transfer by Huawei had "escaped export control." They were blacklisted by the Ministry of Commerce. In the letter, the delegates stressed that just as there had been concerns in the past about exporting technology to Honor (which was part of Huawei), now the same concerns should be raised about Honor's new ownership structure (backed by the Chinese government). Is) also exist. According to the delegates, China's new one-party economy could circumvent US sanctions if it procrastinates and focuses solely on separate institutions instead of networks and ecosystems. The Washington Post reported that there were divisions among US officials over sanctions

    In contrast, Paul Triolo, who is director of global technology policy In charge of the Eurasia Group, he believes that the production of smartphones by Honor simply cannot be considered a threat to national security. According to him, a smartphone is not a material or a piece of the core. After all, Honor smartphones do not sell in the United States. George Zhao, former head of Huawei's Honor division, became the CEO of the newly independent brand after the transfer. According to Chinese news agencies, some other Huawei executives and engineers also joined it. Prior to the US sanctions against Huawei, the Chinese company was one of the largest buyers of American semiconductor components. Thus, after the imposition of sanctions, American companies manufacturing chipsets lost a significant part of their market and therefore asked the Trump administration to reduce the severity of sanctions.

    Shortly after Huawei handed over Honor, several American companies began selling chips to the newly independent Honor brand. For example, the US company Qualcomm supplies the chips needed to make three new Honor smartphones, including the advanced chip currently used to make the new fifth-generation Honor smartphones. Last month, Ann announced that the company was looking to quickly resume strategic partnerships with some of the world's top suppliers and plans to quickly regain Huawei's lost market share.

    US companies argued when they asked the Trump administration that they should be allowed to sell chips and other components needed for Huawei smartphones and laptops that do not pose a threat to US security. It should be noted, however, that US officials have said in their statements that they are primarily concerned with the security risk of Huawei's telecommunications equipment, not with the company's smartphones. Despite this, the Biden administration has so far taken no action to remove Huawei from the US Department of Commerce blacklist. Derek Scissors, a Chinese affairs expert at the conservative American Enterprise Institute, blamed Congress for being too sensitive to Huawei, saying the Huawei issue was "between 10 and even between." "There are no 20 major issues in Sino-US political relations." However, he agreed with Honor being blacklisted by the US Department of Commerce, and in justifying his position, stated that Honor has a history of dependence on an undesirable element.

    But some experts disagree, saying this is not a compelling reason to boycott it. Apparently, some accuse Honor of illegally transferring American chips to Huawei, or claim that the purchase of chips by Honor is done with Huawei's money. However, given that no credible evidence has yet been presented to substantiate these allegations, there is no reason to boycott it. It is worth mentioning that after the transfer of Honor, Huawei announced that it will no longer have any shares in Honor and will not interfere in the management of Honor's business and decisions.

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