• - Birthday party for Armv9 - Introducing Arm Cortex-X2 and Cortex-A710 with a four-year update!

    Birthday party for Armv9 - Introducing Arm Cortex-X2 and Cortex-A710 with a four-year update!
    26 Days, 3 Hours ago

    Tags:  ARM  -  510-Cortex-A510  -  710-Cortex-A710  -  2-Cortex-X2  -  GPU

    As expected, Arm Company unveiled its latest designs for the brand's processors and graphics a few hours ago on Tuesday, May 25, 2021. This time, after years, Arm has migrated from its first generation of 64-bit architecture, Armv8, to the new generation of Armv9, and talks about trying to end 32-bit design in the coming years. The company's three new Armv9-based processors include the Cortex-X2 as a replacement for last year's Cortex-X1, the Cortex A710 as the next-generation Cortex-A78, and finally the Cortex-A510, the first of four years for the first update to the A55 low-end cores. It counts. Birthday party for Armv9 - Introducing Arm Cortex-X2 and Cortex-A710 with a four -year update!

    The design of Arm CPUs is now present in all mobile phones from Apple and Samsung to Xiaomi, Oppo, Vivo, Motorola and all other brands, and although in some cases the cores The raw materials formed based on these designs are subject to changes by manufacturers, but this does not affect the undisputed presence of Arm designs in all mobile phones, and given the position of the company's processors among manufacturers, this situation is likely in the medium and even long term. Also do not face any particular change. To better explain the position of Arm in mobile phones, we should go to the processors in these devices, where companies such as Qualcomm, Apple, Samsung and MediaTek, as the main suppliers of mobile processors, all get the design privileges of the processing cores used in their chipsets. They put the cores next to other components such as graphics, video signal processor (ISP), digital signal processor (DSP), RAM, modem, etc. and offer a complete chipset to be placed in a mobile phone.

    For example, we can mention the Snapdragon 888 chipset from Kwakam, which is currently the fastest and most advanced processor in the Android world. The structure of this chipset uses a Cortex-X1 core with 3 Cortex-A78 cores and 4 A55 cores, all of which are based on Arm's proprietary designs. These designs are based on the 64-bit Armv8 architecture, but Arm has just unveiled the new Armv9 instruction set architecture (ISA) architecture that will be used in the next decade. This new 64-bit architecture is still compatible with Armv8, but a new feature has been added in various areas. With the move to Armv9, all of the company's mobile CPUs also need to be upgraded and upgraded, giving birth to three new processors, the A710, X2 and A510. In addition to the three mentioned processing cores, Arm has unveiled four new graphics with the names of Mali-G510, Mali-G610, Mali-G710 and Mali-G310 in different classes from top to bottom, which we will introduce in the following. Birthday party for Armv9 - Introducing Arm Cortex-X2 and Cortex-A710 with a four-year update!

    Cortex-X1 was the first achievement of Arm's CXC (Cortex-X Custom) program, which was introduced last year at the same time as the A78, and paved the way for the powerful Snapdragon 888 and Exynos 2100 processors. This processing core, according to ARM, provides up to 30% higher performance than the A77 and plays the role of a superior or prime core in the presence of the A78 mid-range and A55 low-end cores. The Cortex-X2, the second generation in its class, now offers up to 16 percent faster speeds than the X1 in the same manufacturing process and common frequency, according to the manufacturer. Of course, it is also important to note that the X2, like other products offered this time around, will be on the market from the beginning of next year, and thus will probably benefit from more advanced lithography than the 2021 designs. Birthday party for Armv9 - Introducing Arm Cortex-X2 and Cortex-A710 with a four-year update!

    Arm maximal performance The X2 has been optimized and its machine learning performance has doubled. The company expects processors built with the Cortex-X2 to experience up to 30 percent higher performance than the flagship phones of 2021, taking into account other new changes such as more cache. The single-core performance improvement of this core, according to Arm, is up to 40% higher than a mid-range laptop processor of 2020, and specifically mentioned the Intel Core i5-1135G7 processor, which is an interesting record in its kind. A set of X2 cores is able to be integrated into a cluster to function in the structure of a laptop, the number of which in this case can be increased to eight. The X2 8-core clusters are also capable of supporting 16 MB of L3 cache and 32 MB of system cache (SLC), and support connectivity to other IP blocks such as GPU and DRAM cores. Thus, one can expect to see advanced X2 cores in Windows laptops and Arm-based Chromebooks in the near future; Devices that, according to Arm, have high performance and will have batteries all day. Birthday party for Armv9 - Introducing Arm Cortex-X2 and Cortex-A710 with a four-year update! While Qualcomm's advanced processors were known to date with two-digit numeric extensions, and their latest prototype, the Cortex-A78, continued to do so, these cores have now been renamed in the new Arm approach; The first new core of this generation is called the Cortex-A710, which, although lower in processing power than the X2, still offers 10% higher performance compared to the A78 (in a joint manufacturing process) with It may not seem like much, but with the introduction of machine learning (ML) processes and energy consumption, we are faced with different situations, and Arm speaks of 2 times higher machine learning performance and 30% more energy efficiency. </p> <p> </p> <img src=

    Last time It was in late May 2017 that Arm unveiled the low-end Cortex-A55 cores as a replacement for the A53 cores, which have been around for several generations, from the Cortex-A75 and A76 to the A77 and A78, and even the Cortex-X1 alongside the cores. Arms became stronger. Now that has finally changed, and the Cortex-A510 with Armv9 support is not only 35% faster in single-core processes now than the A55, but also has 3 times higher machine learning capability and consumes 20% less power. This processing core, according to Arm, is at the level of the company's older 7-Series cores, and thus their single presence in low-cost handsets can also make a big difference. As an example for comparison, we should mention the large but old core of A73, which compared to it in terms of IPC (Instructions per cycle) and frequency improved by 10 and 15%, respectively, and consumed 35% less energy. he does. Birthday party for Armv9 - Introducing Arm Cortex-X2 and Cortex-A710 with a four-year update!

    The main interesting thing about the A510 is its approach to combining cores, where building a new complex consisting of two cores allows the sharing of L2 system cache and pipelines between them. This feature, although at first glance similar to the similar approach in AMD, but in practice shows a big difference in the type of sharing, where in the A510 only FP/SMID and L2 cache are shared, and the cores, except for these, completely and separately from They are placed together. Birthday party for Armv9 - Introducing Arm Cortex-X2 and Cortex-A710 with a four-year update!

    The microstructural structure of this processor, from the manufacturer's point of view, will make it a suitable choice for a wide range of functions that require low energy consumption, from smartphones to smart homes and IoT-related functions. It is also important to note that the A510 core is a purely 64-bit core and is similar to the X2 in this respect.

    As a continuation of Valhall's graphical architecture, the main features of the Mali-G710 executive engine are practically similar to what we have already seen in previous examples in this category, including the Mali-G77 and Mali-G78. What's new about the Mali-G710 is the addition of a new execution engine that doubles its computing capabilities per shading core in the Valhall architecture. Thus, the description of this GPU speaks of 20% more speed, 35% improvement in tasks related to machine learning and 20% less energy consumption.

     Birthday party for Armv9 - Introducing Arm Cortex-X2 and Cortex-A710 with a four-year update!

    One step lower we come to Mali-G610 which is practically the same The G710 has a microarchitecture structure, but the number of cores is limited to less than 7 and is used for lower-end devices.

    The two new GPUs, the Mali-G510 and the Mali-G310, should be considered new versions of the previous-generation G57 and G31, respectively, which have undergone major changes in the mid-range and low-end. These changes for the Mali-G510 include a 100% improvement in performance, a 100% higher efficiency in machine learning, and a 22% lower power consumption, so it could have a bright future for applications such as mid-range handsets, smart TVs and set-top boxes. top boxes predicted. Birthday party for Armv9 - Introducing Arm Cortex-X2 and Cortex-A710 with a four-year update!

    The G310 is also an exciting update compared to the previous generation, where by changing the Bifrost architecture to Valhall from 4.5 times higher performance, 6 times faster in texture units and twice as high quality There is talk of rendering the Android user interface. The G310 has a shaded single-core design, so configurations can be configured exclusively by changing the various operating units within that core.

    Source: Arm

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